- MACLEAY, William Sharp (1792-1865)
- naturalisteldest son of Alexander Macleay (q.v.), was born in London on 21 July 1792. He was educated at Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated with honours in 1814. He was appointed attaché to the British embassy at Paris, and secretary to the board for liquidating British claims on the French government, and following his father in taking an interest in natural history became friendly with Cuvier, and other celebrated men of science. In 1819 he published at London Horae Entomologicae; or Essays on the Annulose Animals, Parts 1 and 2. He returned to England in 1825 and published Annulosa Javanica; or an Attempt to illustrate the Natural Affinities and Analogies of the Insects collected in Java by T. Horsfield No. 1 (all published). In 1825 he was made H.B.M. Commissioner of Arbitration to the British and Spanish court of commission for the abolition of the slave trade, at Havana, and later judge to the mixed tribunal of justice. He remained there for 10 years and retired on a pension of £900 a year. He had established a reputation as a scientist and in 1837 was elected to the council of the Linnean Society and to the council of the Zoological Society. He was president of section D at the meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science held at Liverpool in September of the same year. In 1838 in a paper on the "Annulosa of South Africa", he mentioned his intention of going to Australia "for the next three or four years". He arrived in Sydney in March 1839 and it became his home for the remainder of his life. For a time he was interested in marine fauna on which he did some work, and he made large additions to his natural history collections. He took a great interest in the Australian Museum and was first a committee-man and then a trustee from 1841 to 1862. This kept him in touch with everyone in Sydney really interested in science, and visiting scientists made a point of meeting him. He was particularly friendly with Robert Lowe, afterwards Lord Sherbrooke (q.v.), and Mrs Lowe in a letter quoted in Martin's (q.v.) life of her husband speaks with enthusiasm of the beauty of Macleay's house and garden at Elizabeth Bay, Sydney. He fell into ill-health about 1862, and died on 26 January 1865. He was unmarried.Macleay was studious and somewhat retiring in his habits. He was an excellent classical scholar, had a wide knowledge of history and biography, and his powers as a scientist struck everyone he met. The mass of his work is not great, his two volumes have been mentioned and in addition he wrote a comparatively small number of papers for scientific journals. His health was affected by his residence at Havana, and it is probable that after he came to Australia he found it difficult to make sustained efforts. His position as a scientist was, however, early recognized, Huxley in 1848 spoke of him as "the celebrated propounder of the Quinary system". The reference is to theories brought forward in his first book. In another place Huxley refers to him as "a great man in the naturalist world". His obituary notice in the Proceedings of the Linnean Society, London, 1864-5, stated that his Horae Entomologicae "contained some of the most important speculations as to the affinities or relations of various groups of animals to each other ever offered to the world, and of which it is almost impossible to overrate the suggestive value".The Sydney Morning Herald, 30 January 1865; J. J. Fletcher, The Macleay Memorial Volume, p. IX; J. J. Fletcher, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, vol. XLV, p. 591; A. P. Martin, Life and Letters of Viscount Sherbrooke.
Dictionary of Australian Biography by PERCIVAL SERLE. Angus and Robertson. 1949.
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William Sharp Macleay — FRS, (21 July 1792 – 26 January 1865) was a British entomologist.Early lifeMacleay was born in London, eldest son of Alexander Macleay. He attended Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge graduating with honours in 1814. He was then… … Wikipedia
William Sharp MacLeay — William Sharp Macleay est un entomologiste britannique, né le 21 juillet 1792 à Londres et mort le 26 janvier 1865 à Sydney. Il est le fils du naturaliste Alexander Maclea … Wikipédia en Français
William Sharp Macleay — Pour les articles homonymes, voir MacLeay. William Sharp MacLeay William Sharp Macleay est un entomologiste britannique, né le 21 … Wikipédia en Français
Macleay family — /məˈkleɪ/ (say muh klay) noun an Australian family notable for its large entomological collection, and its pastoral and political activities. 1. Alexander, 1767–1848, scientist and chief secretary of NSW, born in Scotland; original family owner… … Australian English dictionary
William Macleay — may refer to:*William Sharp MacLeay (1792 1865), British/Australian entomologist *William John Macleay (1820 1891), British/Australian zoologist (cousin of William Sharp MacLeay)ee also*William Maclay (disambiguation) … Wikipedia
Macleay — or Macleay may refer to: People * Alexander Macleay (1767–1848), Scottish civil servant and entomologist. * William Sharp Macleay (1792–1865), British entomologist. * George Macleay (1809–1891), Australian explorer and politician. * William John… … Wikipedia
Macleay — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Alexander Macleay (1767–1848), schottischer Entomologe George Macleay (1809–1891), australischer Entdecker und Politiker James William Ronald Macleay (1870–1943), britischer Diplomat William John Macleay… … Deutsch Wikipedia
William Guilfoyle — William Robert Guilfoyle (8 December 1840 – 25 June 1912) was a landscape gardener and botanist in Victoria, Australia, acknowledged as the architect of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Melbourne and was responsible for the design of many parks and… … Wikipedia
William John Macleay — Sir William John Macleay est un naturaliste, un entomologiste et un homme politique australien d origine écossaise, né le 13 juin 1820 à Wick en Écosse et mort le 7 décembre 1891. Il est le neveu d Alexander Macleay (1767 1848), naturaliste, et… … Wikipédia en Français
MacLeay — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. MacLeay peut être : William Sharp Macleay (1792 1865) entomologiste britannique. William John Macleay (1820 1891), entomologiste et naturaliste… … Wikipédia en Français